The national year-on-year inflation rate was 11.2% in June 2020, which is 0.1 percentage points lower than last month the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) has disclosed.
Month-on-month inflation between May 2020 and June 2020 was 1%. This is lower than the 1.7% recorded between April and May and 3.2% between March and April 2020, but higher than the average month-on-month inflation recorded in the months October 2019 to
March 2020 (0.7%). Only two of the thirteen Divisions had higher than average inflation rates; Housing, Water, Electricity and Gas (21.3%) and Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages (13.8%)
At the regional level, the overall year-on-year inflation ranged from 4.3% in the Upper West Region and Volta Region to 15.0% in Greater Accra. In all, but Greater Accra, Northern Region, and Upper East, Food inflation was higher than Non-Food Inflation.
Especially in Western Region (21.3% Food inflation compared to 7.4% NonFood inflation) and Ashanti (20.6% Food inflation and 5.4%
Non-Food inflation), we see large differences between the Food and Non-Food inflation.
The overall month-on-month inflation was between – 2.2% in the Upper West Region and 2.5% in Greater Accra.
Ashanti Region, which saw the highest month-on-month inflation between April and May 2020 (3.9%), had a negative (-0.6%) month-on-month inflation between May and June 2020. Overall, Regions with high month-on-month inflation between April and May 2020, saw lower month-on-month inflation this month, and vice versa.
Food and Non-Food Inflation
The Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages Division recorded a year-on-year inflation rate of 13.8%. This is 1.3 percentage points lower than May 2020 (15.1%), but 5.9 percentage points higher than the average over the eight months preceding March 2020 (7.9%). Within the Food Division, Vegetables (28.8%) and Fruits and Nuts (17.4% ) were the Subclasses with the highest rates of inflation.
Month-on-month the inflation for Fruits and Nuts stood at 3.0% while Vegetables recorded a negative inflation of -2.1%.
As Food contributed 54.4% to year-on-year inflation, it is still the predominant driver of year-on-year inflation, but it contributed less than the previous two months. Month-on-month Food inflation was 0.1%, which is less than the overall month-on-month inflation and the month-on-month Food inflation in May (2.3%) and April 2020 (6.4%).
Non-food inflation came in at 9.2%, which is higher than the 8.4% measured in May 2020. Like last month, the Division with the highest month-on-month inflation was Housing, Water, Electricity and Gas (5.4%). Compared to earlier months, Housing, Water, Electricity and Gas (20%) also contributed more to year-on-year inflation. This is driven by an increase in Rent prices and inflation for refuse collection.
The Non-Food Subclasses with the lowest inflation were Fuels and Lubricants for Personal Transport Equipment (-13.5%), Electricity (-35.6%) and Electric Appliances for Personal Care (-66.9%).